In situ deck construction

Incremental launching

The principle is to progressively build the bridge deck behind one of the abutments.

Segments of comparable length are concreted in a formwork or assembled in an assembly area. Then, each segment is match-cast against the previous one and prestressed to the section of the deck already built. As segments are added and slided over special bearings, the increasing length of bridge deck is repeatedly pushed / pulled out of the formwork or assembly area, over the abutment onto the piers, to reach its final position. Provision of a launching nose stressed against the first deck segment will reduce the big bending moments in the deck during launching.
  • Erection rate
    one segment every 7 or 8 days
  • Quality of segment fabrication
    with a sheltered casting yard
  • Limited investment in special equipment
    (launching nose, jacking system,
    launch bearings, side guides)
Incremental launching specifications
Type of structure…
  • Concrete box girder bridges
  • Composite steel concrete bridges
  • Steel bridges
  • Cable-stayed bridges
Best suited…
  • Bridges with constant radius of curvature and cross-sectional shape
  • Structures with high piers or where cranes, scaffolding or ground formwork cannot be used.
Bridge length…
  • Over 250m
Deck span for PT concrete decks…
  • 30m to 65m
Deck span for composite / steel decks…
  • 35m up to 150m
Launching force…
  • One strand jack suitable to over 600t.

Incremental launching sketch

Incremental launching sketch

Cast-in-place cantilever with form travellers

The method consists in building the deck by successive segments, in symmetry on both sides of the pier, by making the built part support the weight of the next segment and of the mobile casting equipment. The deck construction does not have to be linear; it can be sequenced to follow pier construction.

This method is ideally suited: to cross high gaps and avoid ground constraints for bridges whose length does not require prefabrication, or with different cross sections or casting lengths
  • High erection rate
    one pair of segments every 3 to 7 days
  • Long-span bridges
    with access constraints
  • Limited investment

Our references in deck construction

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